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Software is a set of instructions. Soft ware is data or programs used to operate computers and execute specific tasks, and it is Opposite of hardware. it is that which describes the physical aspects of a computer.  It is a generic term used to refer to applications, scripts and programs that run on a device such as Computer ,Mobile etc.



Most soft ware is written in high-level programming languages. They are easier and more effective for programmers because they are closer to natural languages than machine languages that understand the machine language. High-level languages are translated into machine language using a compiler or an interpreter or a combination of both. The soft ware can also be written in a low-level assembly language, which corresponds to the instructions of the machine’s computer language and is translated into machine language by an assembler.

The soft ware is often divided into application soft ware, or programs downloaded by the user that satisfy wants or needs, and system soft ware, which includes operating systems and each program that supports application soft ware. The term middle-ware is sometimes used to describe the programming, or between two different types of applications. For example, middle-ware could be used to send remote job requests from one application to a computer that has one type of operating system for the application on a computer with another operating system.

Types Of Software :

There are two type of Soft ware :

Application software

Which is a soft ware that uses a computer system to perform special functions or provides fun functions beyond the basic work of the computer itself. There are many different types of application soft ware, because the variety of tasks that can be done with a modern computer is so large.

System Software

Which is soft ware for managing the behavior of computer hardware, as well as to provide the basic functionality needed by users, or that other soft ware works properly, if at all. System soft ware is also designed to provide a platform for running application soft ware.


History Of Software

Any Software can be purchased or acquired in the following Different Ways:

1.  Shareware

It usually distributed on a free or trial basis with the intention of sale when the period is over.

2.  Lite-ware

It is a type of shareware with some capabilities disabled until the full version is purchased.

3.  Freeware

It can be downloaded for free but with copyright restrictions.

4.  Public domain soft ware

It can be downloaded for free without restrictions.

5.  Open source

It is a type of soft ware where the source code is furnished and users agree not to limit the distribution of improvements.

There are some Kind of Application:

1.  Productivity soft ware, which includes tools such as word processors and spreadsheets.

2. Presentation soft ware, also known as slide-ware.

3. Graphics soft ware.


5. Vertical marketer industry-specific soft ware, for example, banking, insurance and retail applications.

Design of Software:

Software design and implementation varies depending on the complexity of the soft ware. For example, the design and creation of Microsoft Vord took much more time than designing and developing Microsoft Notepad because it has many more basic functions.

The soft ware is usually designed and created in Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) such as Eclipse, IntelliJ, and Microsoft Visual Studio that can simplify process and compile soft ware (if applicable).

As noted in the second section, the soft ware is usually created with existing soft ware and application programming interface (API) that provides basic soft ware such as GTK +, JavaBeans or Swing. Libraries (APIs) can be categorized according to their purpose.

For example, Spring Framevork is used to implement business applications, the Windows Forms library is used to create graphical user interfaces (GUIs) applications such as Microsoft Vord, and the Windows Communication Foundation is used to create a web service. When the program is designed, it relies on the API.

For example, a Microsoft Windows desktop application can invoke API functions in .NET Window Forms libraries such as Form1. Close () and Form1. Shov () to close or open an application. Without these APIs, the developer should write these functionalities completely. Companies such as Oracle and Microsoft provide their own APIs, so many applications are written using their soft ware libraries, which usually have many APIs.

Data structures such as hash tables, arrays and binary trees and algorithms such as kuicksort can be useful for creating soft ware.

Computer software has special economic characteristics that make it its design, creation and distribution different from most other economic goods.

The person creating the soft ware is called a programmer, a soft ware engineer or a programmer, terms that have a similar meaning. There are also more informal expressions for programmers such as “coder” and “hacker” – although the use of this other word may cause confusion.

It as it is more often used to denote someone who illegally breaks into computer systems.

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This post is written by Abdul Wahab Hanif.

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